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Types of Car Accidents

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The auto accident attorneys of Mani Ellis & Layne, PLLC, have more than 35 years of combined personal injury law experience. During that time, we have helped victims and their families in Charleston and throughout West Virginia who suffered harm in a wide range of auto crashes.

Below is a summary of the different car accident cases that our law firm can handle – grouped according to the parties involved, type of collision and cause of the crash. While each auto accident case is different, our approach is the same: We pursue maximum compensation for our clients in as timely of a manner as possible.

To learn more about our background and how we can serve you, contact us today by phone or online. We can provide an immediate, free consultation.


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Single-Vehicle Accidents
A single-vehicle accident can be caused by a road hazard, badly maintained or improperly designed road or highway or by a faulty part or auto system. If you or a loved one has been injured in a single-vehicle accident, it can be difficult to get compensation from your own insurance company – even if you have faithfully paid your premiums. It is important to contact us for assistance. Our firm also assists passengers who are injured in single-vehicle accidents that are caused by the negligence of the person who is behind the wheel of the car they are riding in.
multi car accident
Multi-Vehicle Accidents
When an accident occurs with several motorists involved, there can be conflicting reports about what occurred. The issue of responsibility can become complex. Under West Virginia’s comparative fault scheme, a party will only be liable for the amount of fault attributed to him or her. For this reason, multi-vehicle accidents – commonly called “pile-ups” or “chain-reaction collisions” – require the highest level of legal representation.
hit and run accidents
Hit-and-Run Accidents
Some accidents are caused by drivers who illegally flee the scene without sticking around to check on their victims or provide contact information. An attorney can help you by serving as a liaison between you and police who are investigating the hit-and-run crash. A lawyer can also help you to file a motor vehicle claim through your own uninsured motorist (UM) policy.


Rear-End Collisions

These are the most common type of collision. Frequently, a rear-end accident is caused by a speeding, drunk or distracted driver. The driver may fail to note that the car in front has come to a halt or slowed down. These crashes tend to occur at intersections, but they can happen anywhere – on a highway, interstate or street. The injuries sustained in these incidents can be very serious, especially if the car in front is pushed into crossing traffic.

Head-On Collisions

A head-on collision is the most likely, statistically, to result in fatal injuries. Even when the accident takes place at a slow speed, the jarring impact to the vehicle can cause severe neck or spine damage, as well as broken bones, internal organ damage, head injuries and brain injuries. Many of these incidents are alcohol-related, involving a drunk driver who has drifted out of his or her lane or travelled the wrong way on a highway.

T-Bone Collisions

These accidents occur when one car plows into the side of another car. They are also called side-impact collisions. These crashes frequently occur at intersections. A driver may run through a stop sign or red light. Because the sides of cars lack protection – and many cars on the road today lack side airbags, too – these accidents can result in severe injuries.

Sideswipe Collisions

These crashes happen when one car grazes the side of another. Typically, both cars are heading in the same direction. The crash can be dangerous if it occurs at a high speed on a highway or interstate, and if it knocks one car into oncoming traffic or into another lane.


These crashes are common among vehicles with a high center of gravity such as SUVs, trucks, jeeps and large passenger vans. The fatality rates can be high in these crashes.

causes of car accidents


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Distracted Driving AccidentsMany drivers believe they can safely drive while eating, talking, arguing, texting or talking on the phone. Unfortunately, distracted driving is one of the most common causes of dangerous and deadly car accidents. If you have been injured by a distracted driver who failed to exercise reasonable care for the safety of others, contact us today. Drunk Driving AccidentsIt is a well-established fact that driving drunk is extremely dangerous. There are heavy penalties imposed on those who are caught drinking and driving. Even so, there are those people who get behind the wheel when drunk and cause innocent people to be seriously or fatally injured. Our firm represents victims of drunk driving accidents and seeks maximum compensation for them, including punitive damages that are aimed at punishing and deterring such reckless conduct.Fatigued Driving AccidentsMany studies have found that driving while impaired by a lack of sleep can be equally as dangerous as driving while impaired by alcohol or drugs. A drowsy driver can fall asleep at the wheel or lack the judgment and motor control that is necessary to operate a vehicle safely. 

Speeding / Aggressive Driving Accidents

A high percentage of auto accidents in West Virginia are caused by drivers who exceeded the posted speed limit or go too fast for rainy, foggy, icy or snowy conditions. Due to high speeds, these accidents can result in devastating and fatal injuries to victims.


Defective Road Conditions

A state or federal agency may be liable for an accident caused by a negligently designed, built or maintained street or highway. In some cases, accidents result from poorly established highway construction or work zones.


Defective Vehicle Parts

Tread separation, tire blowouts, faulty brakes or defective ignition switches can cause crashes. Injuries can also result when safety features fail such as seat belts, child safety seats or airbags. If you or a loved one has been involved in an accident involving a defective auto part, it will be essential to get help from a law firm with the skill, experience and resources to handle these highly complex cases and who won’t be afraid to take on a major corporation on your behalf.

Get Help from a West Virginia Car Wreck Attorney Today

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No matter what type of auto accident you or a loved one has been injured in, you can count on Mani Ellis & Layne, PLLC, to protect your rights. We are young, aggressive litigators with a record of obtaining positive results for our clients. We want to help you, too. Call or reach us online today for a free consultation.